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LASIK Topics



Introduction to Laser Vision Correction


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Christian Kim

If you would like to be less dependent on glasses or contact lenses, LASIK may be for you. Call for a complementary LASIK evaluation Appointment with Dr. Christian Kim, Certified Lasik Specialist with the experience of thousands of laser vision correction procedures. Find out if Laser Vision Correction is for YOU! Dr. Kim provides both standard and CustomVue (Wavefront Guided) treatments.

This video introduces the subject. More specific videos and information will be found by following the links on the left of this page.

What is Laser Vision Correction (LASIK) all about?

LASIK is a corrective procedure for for nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. LASIK is an abbreviation for "Laser Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis" The time-honored method of correcting refractive errors is with glasses and contact lenses. However, refractive errors can be surgically corrected by altering the curvature of the cornea. The shape of this clear surface tissue can be modified to reduce and even eliminate focusing problems.


is an out-patient procedure that is performed in the comfort of the Horizon Vision Center located at our Novato Marin County offices. Your eyes are numbed with anesthetic drops so you will feel no pain throughout the treatment. First the surgeon creates a thin flap at the top of your cornea which is lifted away, but remains attached at one side. Next, the excimer laser, which has already been programmed to correct your degree of refractive error, removes a microscopic layer of cornea. The laser part of the prodedure takes approximately one minute. The corneal flap is then put back in place and, because of its natural bonding properties, healing starts immediately. No stitches are required.The entire LASIK procedure takes about 15 minutes and you can return home immediately afterward. More about the procedure.

Star PhotoCustomVue

Not all eyes are alike, and it is now possible to measure the surface of the eye in minute detail with a "wavefront" scanner. The VISX Star Laser takes in this information, along with Dr. Kim's instructions defining the refractive goals of the procedure. When Dr. Kim performs the treatment, the instrument delivers a laser correction unique to that eye. Hence the name "CustomVue." Find out more about CustomVue (Wavefront Guided) Laser Correction.


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"Bladeless LASIK": IntraLase

Intralase is available as a premium extension of the LASIK procedure. Instead of the mechanical micro keratome ("blade") method of creating the "flap," a femtosecond laser instrument is used (bladeless LASIK). The remainder of the procedure is basically the same as for the micro keratome LASIK. You should discuss this option with Dr. Kim .Find out more about Intralase



PRK animationLaser vision correction without the LASIK "flap" "Photorefractive Keratectomy" Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) uses laser energy to correct vision disorders. As with LASIK, the laser alters the shape of the cornea so that light rays can focus properly on the retina. The excimer laser is a unique type of "cold" laser that does not burn tissue. The laser sculpts the cornea's surface by removing small amounts of surface tissue--one molecular layer at a time. This process of cell removal is termed "ablation". As with LASIK, this part of the procedure takes approximately 1 minute. Find out more about PRK.



Epi-LASIK is a procedure used for special circumstances where some of the advantages of LASIK and of PRK are merged. The "Flap" is more superficial than LASIK. Find out more about Epi-Lasik.

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